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[최신 릴리즈] 이곳을 클릭하여 월간 미래학교: 9월호를 확인해 보세요.

캘빈 추아 — 2021.5.14 03:45 AM

Profile of Kangwon Province

Kangwon province (강원도), located on the eastern coast of Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), has been a region that is historically famous for its scenic natural environment. With a population of around 1.5 million people and a land area of 11,100km2, it is the third-smallest province among the 9 provinces of the DPRK. (excluding the provincial-level cities of Pyongyang and Rason) The province is subdivided into 2 cities and 15 counties.

Kangwon province is largely mountainous, with 80% of its land area being mountainous and only 10% arable. Traditionally, Kangwon has been a major agricultural and industrial region, including fishing, growing fruits such as persimmons, and heavy industries such as mining and shipbuilding. In recent years, the region has focused on developing its tourism industry, particularly a tourism resort around its major coastal city Wonsan and the Mount Kumgang Tourist Region. ​

캘빈 추아 — 2021.5.14 03:40 AM

Why is it important to look at Kangwon Province?

​In recent years, tourism has been a key area of development for the Kangwon province. Kangwon has a wealth of natural resources and historical sites which makes it an attractive region for tourists. Since 2014, much of the region’s focus has been centred on the development of ‘Wonsan Tourism Zone’, in particular a tourism resort along the Kalma Peninsula. The high-profile project has been touted as the catalyst for economic development along North Korea’s east coast. Several inter-Korea projects, including railway networks have been planned to tap on the region’s potential.

Additionally, DPRK leader Kim Jong-un sees Kangwon province as a priority region for development. Apart from the tourism sector, the DPRK government claims to be focusing on manufacturing and food industries as areas of growth. It has also invested resources to bolster its aging infrastructure.​

However, efforts to develop Kangwon’s tourism potential might be hindered by the lack of basic infrastructure including power, transportation and communications, and the disparity in development between inland and coastal regions of Kangwon.

캘빈 추아 — 2021.5.14 03:40 AM

What has Choson Exchange done in Kangwon Province?

​Choson Exchange, a Singapore based non-profit group, has conducted several training programs in Wonsan and led study visits to help Wonsan policy makers and business leaders to help them leverage the potential of Kangwon’s growth.

2013 - 2015
Conducted training programs in Wonsan

2014
Brought Wonsan Tourism Zone policy makers to Singapore and Vietnam for study trip

2016
Workshops and study trips contributed to Wonsan SEZ taxation laws for foreign ownership of land

2019
Revisited Kangwon province with partners

캘빈 추아 — 2021.5.14 03:42 AM

How can we harness the development potential of (Northern) Kangwon Province?

캘빈 추아 — 2021.5.14 03:21 AM

A research and development roadmap for Kangwon province led by Choson Exchange.

캘빈 추아 — 2021.5.14 03:21 AM

Research

캘빈 추아 — 2021.5.14 03:38 AM

Kangwon Key Industries

캘빈 추아 — 2021.5.14 03:53 AM

Key Industries

Understanding Kangwon Province’s economic potential and challenges cannot be done without having a comprehensive grasp of the different industries that exist in the region. Explore Kangwon Province’s 4 different industries – Tourism, Energy, Manufacturing, and Basic Infrastructure – through our interactive maps where we identify more than 150 facilities in the region.

캘빈 추아 — 2021.5.14 03:46 AM

Tourism Industry Comparison

캘빈 추아 — 2021.5.14 04:07 AM

Comparisons Between Pyonggang and Kangwon

Tourism
In order to better assess the future needs of Kangwon Province in its industrial capacity, we can compare the province to the city of Pyongyang, where many of North Korea’s 200,000 tourists visit every year. If North Korea aims to host 1 million tourists via the Wonsan-Kalma International Airport by 2025, Kangwon Province must build up its tourist, manufacturing, energy, and infrastructural facilities to be on par with Pyongyang’s.

Manufacturing
While Pyongyang easily exceeds Kangwon in the number of manufacturing sites, we still see an impressive spread of manufacturing activity in Kangwon. It is also highly likely that a large portion of the manufacturing activities in Kangwon have not been captured in our research.

Energy
One of the most notable memories retold by foreign tourists of Pyongyang is the city’s frequent power shortages, which naturally leads us to question if Kangwon can ever meet or exceed Pyongyang’s capacity in energy production. Pyongyang alone has around 20 power plants that serve the city while only 10 plants are known to currently exist in the eastern coast of Kangwon.

캘빈 추아 — 2021.5.14 04:09 AM

Challenges

캘빈 추아 — 2021.5.14 04:13 AM

Challenges

Need for Basic Infrastructure
​Kangwon has been plagued by several infrastructural issues which impede its growth. Due to the fact that it is away from Pyongyang, much needed energy, infrastructure and resources are often diverted to other major cities across the DPRK, which puts Kangwon at a less advantageous position for development.

Electricity Transmission to Inland Region
There are three power plants in Kangwon province, all of which are hydroelectric plants, near Wonsan, Mount Kumgang and Tongchon. With a total population of 1.5M in Kumgang province, the electricity shortfall is significant​.

캘빈 추아 — 2021.5.14 04:13 AM

Coast vs Inland

캘빈 추아 — 2021.5.14 04:28 AM

Coast vs Inland

Inter-Korea Rail Project Context
Despite existing challenges in Kangwon Province, there are several ongoing developmental projects in Kangwon that will be crucial to the region’s development in the next decade. First is the Inter-Korean Railway Project, born out of the 2018 Panmunjom Declaration, which promoted travel between the two Koreas through the connection of the Donghae and Gyeongui Line. The Donghae Line, which sits on the east coast of the peninsula, is a strategic infrastructural development for North Korea, as it can potentially serve as the main pathway for South Korean tourists to not only Mt. Kumkang but also Wonsan. While the Line necessitates several years for it to completely modernize, South Korea has been extremely proactive in its effort in connecting the railway from Kangneung to its most northern city of Jejin near the DMZ.

Connectivity
The most significant feature of the cities in inner Kangwon is its connectivity. The availability of the Kangwon Line allows for transport to major cities like Wonsan and Munchon while the Chyeongnyon Inchon Line offers direct connectivity to the capital, Pyongyang. While these cities do not currently retain sufficient infrastructure for tourists, the potential for the development of inner Kangwon is still worth exploring as South Korea is open to connecting the Kangwon Line with the railroads in the South.

캘빈 추아 — 2021.5.14 04:31 AM

Economic Roadmap

캘빈 추아 — 2021.5.14 04:31 AM

Economic Roadmap

캘빈 추아 — 2021.5.14 04:34 AM

Tourism as the Anchor of Kangwon Province’s Economic Development

The DPRK stands to benefit from developing Kangwon Province into a regional tourism hub, focusing on Wonsan and the Mount Kumgang resort regions.

The economic effect of tourism in the DPRK is significant. In 2018, 200,000 foreign tourists visited DPRK, largely bolstered by Chinese tourists. In 2015, DPRK Leader Kim Jong-un established an ambitious goal of attracting 1 million tourists per year to visit Wonsan. While Kangwon needs significant resources and development to achieve this goal, there are opportunities to be tapped.

캘빈 추아 — 2021.5.14 04:37 AM

Roadmap Components

캘빈 추아 — 2021.5.14 04:44 AM

Roadmap Components

There are six areas which need to be developed to fully support Kangwon’s tourism growth, namely infrastructure, tourism facilities, production, retail, talent grooming and tourism promotion. They could be seen as the building blocks of tourism development.

There are both thematic linkages and inter-linkages between each component. While the development of each area (e.g. infrastructure and retail) could be separate projects or trends, they are mutually reinforcing (e.g. supply chain development), and together benefits the growth of the tourism core.

The goal of the economic roadmap is to identify the linkages between each component and find ways to grow and strengthen these linkages.

캘빈 추아 — 2021.5.14 04:44 AM

How can tourism infrastructure act as an enabler for dialogue and exchanges?

캘빈 추아 — 2021.5.14 03:16 AM

Summer 2021 design studio at Singapore University of Technology and Design.

캘빈 추아 — 2021.5.14 03:17 AM

Starting 18 May

캘빈 추아 — 2021.5.14 03:37 AM
강원개발계획

강원개발계획

온라인, 생성대화

평화 구축 프로세스로서 북한 도(道) 지역과 교류하고 개발하다

개요

기념비적인 수도 평양을 넘어, 북한의 도(道) 지역은 지난 10년 동안 도시 및 정책 실험의 현장이었다. 북한 정부는 경제특구를 통해 도 지역 개발에 상당한 국가 자원을 투입해왔다. 특히 강원도의 경우 원산갈마 반도 및 동해안 지역 도시들의 관광 기반시설 개발이 그 중심에 있었다.

강원 지역 개발을 바탕으로, 조선 익스체인지는 2013년 말부터 해당 지역의 경제 정책 및 도시 개발을 주제로 교육 프로그램을 진행해왔다. ‘강원개발계획’은 조선 익스체인지의 최근 프로젝트로, 강원 지역의 5개년 교류및 개발 로드맵을 발전시키는 것이 목표이다. 캘빈 추아가 이끌고 알리샤 박과 하워드 푸가 함께 참여하며 스페이셜 아나토미가 지도 제작을 지원한 이번 프로젝트에서는 강원 지역의 산업 개발과 기반 시설의 과제들을 추적한다. 연구 분석 내용을 토대로, 교류 로드맵은 평화 구축의 프로세스로서 강원 지역 개발 및 국제적 협업 플랫폼을 위한 전략을 세운다.

전시 프로그램 참여자

지금/여기

Creamy Polenta, St Erasmo's artichokes, crunchy sage and Doge honey

카를로타 노벨라 — 쿠치나 세미 아쿠아티카 — 19시간 전

On Saturday 25th September the Cucina Semi Aquatica opened its online doors for a lunch and dinner cooking workshop which focused on introducing productive landscapes, existing between land and water, through the medium of food.
We cooked together via Zoom and the recording of this session will be available soon on Future School website.

On the day, we created three simple dishes - one starter, a main and a dessert - inspired by the Venice island of St Erasmo and the Liverpool and Leeds Canal.

The recipes we explores departed and took inspiration from these two very different landscapes, looking at their history and evolution across time. Although the meal featured ingredients which are very much local to these two sites, we invite everyone to recreate the recipes with the ingredients representing territories between land and water which are more local to them.

On this page you can find a list of ingredients - and guidelines on how to find local equivalents - the full cooking process and a list of utensils you might need if you plan to create the three recipes at home.

To share with us your adapted recipes, you can email carlotta@publicworksgroup.net

Thank you!

카를로타 노벨라 — 쿠치나 세미 아쿠아티카 — 19시간 전

Learning from other collaborative practices

Conversation with Rosario Talevi and Tiphaine Abenia about non-formal education, collaborative initiatives in and out of academia. What can education institution can learn about collaborative learning practices?

29th Octobre 15h-17h
Live from Future School in Venice
(link available soon)

조안느 푸젱 — 협업의 아틀리에 — 어제

Learning in Constructlab practice

Presentations from Constructlab members revolving around learnings gathered within projects. What, how and why do we learn ?

28th October 15h-17h
Live from the Future School in Venice

조안느 푸젱 — 협업의 아틀리에 — 어제

Le cours de l'eau, la cour et l'eau ©Juul Prinsen

조안느 푸젱 — 협업의 아틀리에 — 어제

Le cours de l'eau, la cour et l'eau ©Mathilde Gintz

조안느 푸젱 — 협업의 아틀리에 — 어제

BIO
Ana Betancour is an architect and Professor of Architecture at the UMA School of Architecture, Umeå University, where she was the Head of School (2015-2019). She was previously a professor in Urban Design at Chalmers University of Technology (2007-2014), and Senior Lecturer at KTH School of Architecture, Stockholm (2001-2007), and The Bartlett, UCL, London (1999-2003). Betancour was the Head of Exhibitions and Public Programme at The Museum of Architecture in Stockholm (2007-2009). She founded the A + URL/ Architecture + Urban Research Laboratory (1999-2007), and she co-founded P.H.A.B. Architects (1996-2001). Together with Carl-Johan Vesterlund, she co-founded the Urban + Architecture Agency in 2008.

BIO
Carl-Johan Vesterlund is an architect and Associate Professor in Architecture, Urban Planning and Design at Umeå School of Architecture (UMA) since 2015. Until 2019, he was a member of the Leadership at UMA, the Director of the Architectural Programmes and Master’s programmes, and responsible for the development of the new Master’s Programme in Architecture and Urban Design. Prevously, Vesterlund was Senior Lecturer at the Chalmers School of Architecture, Chalmers University of Technology (2008-2015) and guest teacher at KTH School of Architecture, Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm (2005-2007). Together with Ana Betancour, he co-founded the Urban + Architecture Agency in 2008.

아나 베탕쿠르 — 글로컬 상상의 지도 — 3일 전

We have in our practice and teaching over many years developed a trajectory of projects investigated how global issues are affecting local conditions. By mapping, analysing and understanding responses and tactics to the global crisis in a local context, we have explored how local ways to operate could catalyse change within global transformations affecting urban and rural areas today.

As an example of this endeavour here we describe a project on the city of Gothenburg.

We have investigated transient edge conditions of harbour cities in relation to climate change, rising water levels, dynamic water conditions, flooding strategies and shifting economies. Studying the dynamics of the flooding in Gothenburg, we have explored the threats and problems the city and its built environment are exposed to, due to rising water levels. We have explored natural water edge ecologies; the logics and dynamics of ecosystems that are dependent on and profit from flooding and fluctuating water levels, imagining the riverbanks as a potential productive edge and water infrastructure system. How could this system be developed to be integrated in and become part of the city, and contribute to ways of living and working, production and recreation?

In our work and investigations of Gothenburg, a city which has undergone major changes during the past decades, have been focusing on developing alternative future scenarios and identities for the city, departing from its relationship to water. From being a significant harbour and industrial city, then turning into a city with an industry in decline, Gothenburg shows a high rate of unemployment, socio-cultural and racial tensions, a shortage of housing, and is one of the most exposed and threatened cities from rising sea levels and flooding in Sweden. The City Planning Office, in collaboration with property developers and the industry, have developed future plans for Centrala Älvstaden – an urban regeneration project for the region and the city of Gothenburg, branding, densifying and changing the structure and character of large areas of the city through 15,000 new dwellings and 40,000 new work opportunities for the north and south river-banks located in high-risk flooding zones.

Departing from the understanding of the coastal edge as a system, a productive industrial edge and an operative infrastructure, we developed propositions for an urban network – a series of interconnected cross-programmed spaces and architectural interventions – where the flooding water could be considered as a resource for the future of Gothenburg. Based on the model of a network, its physical as well as non-physical organisational pattern is an urban planning strategy in which the relationships and connections between actors, programmes, activities and spaces can be understood as both spatial and programmatic. The network is developed as a flexible series of self-sufficient spaces for fluctuating flows and uses, making it adaptable to future challenges and opportunities. Applying a wider and softer notion of infrastructure or infrastructural ecology, this added layer of intensity, enhancing the production, interaction, exchange and sharing of resources and space, could make it less vulnerable and less dependent on high technology and advanced infrastructure. Programming of spaces and architectural interventions, such as floating markets, biogas parks, waste water gardens, algae farms, and osmotic power plants, have been focusing on self-sufficiency in terms of energy and resources, local production and recycling, commonly shared, owned, used and run by local communities. Imagining Gothenburg as a city on water, where the rising water is considered a productive and common asset rather than a threat, we believe is critical for a sustainable development of the city.

아나 베탕쿠르 — 글로컬 상상의 지도 — 3일 전

Urban Networks, aerial view, Gothenburg © U+A Agency with Mathias Holmberg

아나 베탕쿠르 — 글로컬 상상의 지도 — 3일 전

Urban Networks, Gothenburg © U+A Agency

아나 베탕쿠르 — 글로컬 상상의 지도 — 3일 전

전시 프로그램

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